Types of Soil Stabilization
For almost all the road projects, there must be the process of soil stabilization. This process consists of or involves changing soil structure physically. This is done to reduce the big particles of the soil to smaller ones. Soil with big particles is not suitable during the construction of road projects. Large soil particles always sink if a heavy material is on top of it. This, therefore, means it can’t bear the weight of heavy traffic on roads. Apart from this, the soil can easily be washed away by running water during rainy seasons or floods. There are Commercial Soil Stabilization North Texas companies that are ready to perform this service to you at a cheaper price.
Therefore, to boost the strength of your soil, you need a commercial soil stabilization north Texas company to work for you. This process involves the crushing of large soil particles, it makes it more comfortable during compacting of the soil. This method requires a combination of the soil with many materials; they include lime, geotextiles, cement, chemical, electricity, and bitumen. Below are various types of soil stabilization methods.
Chemical Soil Stabilization
This method is ubiquitous, and it involves adding chemicals into the soil. The structure of the soil is changed because the soil is mixed with chemicals that react with it. The water is then not able to penetrate through the soil because the chemical already fills the spaces that may be existing between the particles. There are many types of chemicals used for this process, but the most common ones are calcium chloride, sodium silicate, and sodium chloride. Apart from these, other chemicals can be added to the soil, and they also include amines, alkyl chlorosilane, polymers, siliconates, chrome lignin, and amines.
Cement Soil Stabilization
Cement soil stabilization is also another method. In this process, the soil is mixed with cement. This is made possible because cement is known to contain active ingredients that help soil particles to disintegrate. Apart from that advantage, the cement helps the soil to conceal. During the process, other materials are added to the soil apart from the cement. They include calcium chloride, sodium sulfate, lime, sodium carbonate, and fly ash. Different measures depend on the type of soil being stabilized. This should be considered because different soil has unique structure and composition.
Bitumen Soil Stabilization
In this type of stabilization, the soil is mixed with bitumen material. This is common during the construction of parking yards and driveways. Due to the stickiness nature of the bitumen, it helps in keeping and holding together soil particles. This is effective when it comes to preventing groundwater from being absorbed by the soil because bitumen creates a more durable layer above the particles of the soil.
This process is very effective in particular to clay soil structure. Lime, when mixed well with different types of soil samples, helps in reducing soil plasticity. This process helps in preventing the soil from shrinking and swelling. This reduces the spaces between the soil particles, and that means it will absorb little or no underground water. Stabilized soils with lime don’t stretch, and this means you can drive on soil surfaces with lime without your car being stuck.
Soil Stabilization by Fabrics and Geotextiles
Porous fabrics that are made up of synthetic materials like polyester, polyvinyl chloride, and other synthetic materials are called geotextiles. These materials have high strength and work well when embedded in the soil. The materials are used in the construction of unpaved roads and also in soft soils. To reinforce the soil for stabilization, you should use metallic strips, which are mostly used to provide support for the soil to be stronger to hold heavyweights.